Effects of post heat treatment on the microstructure and mechanical properties of wire arc additively manufactured Hastelloy C276 alloy

Publication Name

Materials Characterization


Post-processing is often inevitable for most additively manufactured components in order to improve material properties and product quality. In this study, the influence of post-heat treatments (PHTs) at 871 °C and 1177 °C on the microstructure and mechanical properties of a nickel-base Hastelloy C276 alloy prepared using wire arc additive manufacturing (WAAM) were investigated. The results showed that after a PHT at 871 °C, the as-built alloy was strengthened due to the formation of a large amount of Mo-rich nano-sized μ phase in the interdendritic areas. This was at the expense of a significant ductility loss. In contrast, no μ phase precipitates were observed after PHT at 1177 °C. Furthermore, the 1177 °C treatment led to the dissolution of the Mo-rich p phase which was present in the as-built sample, increased solid-solution strengthening, and improvements in both strength and ductility concurrently. This study enables an improved understanding of post-processing-microstructure-property inter-relationships for Hastelloy C276 alloy prepared by WAAM, providing guidelines for further microstructure optimization through PHT to improve the material's mechanical properties.

Open Access Status

This publication is not available as open access



Article Number




Link to publisher version (DOI)