Ultrahigh piezoelectric coefficients of Li-doped (K,Na)NbO3 nanorod arrays with manipulated O-T phase boundary: Towards energy harvesting and self-powered human movement monitoring

Publication Name

Nano Energy


Lead-free piezoelectric one-dimensional (1D) nanostructures have exhibited great potential in building biocompatible micro/nano-energy harvesters and self-powered smart sensors. However, their low piezoelectric coefficient still remains as the biggest obstacle for practical applications. In this work, an ultrahigh piezoelectric coefficient with calibrated d from 400 pm V to 814 pm V is achieved in Li-doped (K,Na)NbO (KNLN) lead-free piezoelectric nanorod arrays (NRAs). The giant enhancement on the piezoelectric performance of the KNLN nanorods can be attributed to the manipulation on the phase transition behavior together with the relaxation of strain. The Li dopants induce large NbO octahedral distortion and result in the decreased phase transition temperature from orthorhombic (O) to tetragonal (T) phase, which leads to the construction of the O-T phase boundary at room temperature and improves the polarization performance of the products. The ultrahigh piezoelectric performance of the KNLN NRAs gives rise to the remarkably improved energy harvesting performance, which shows highly sensitive pressure sensing behaviors and can be utilized for monitoring the human-body motions. 33 3 6 -1 -1 +

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Funding Sponsor

Agency for Science, Technology and Research



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