The retention effect of staff education programme: Sustaining a decrease in hospital-acquired pressure ulcers via culture of care integration

Publication Name

International Wound Journal


Hospital-acquired pressure ulcers (HAPUs) negatively affect patients during hospitalisation, putting patients at risk for further complications. HAPUs are one of the hospital quality key performance indicators (KPIs) that necessitate quality initiatives and/or programmes to minimise its occurrence and consequences. When quality initiatives are put into place and proven effective, the next important focus is sustainability of the effects. The original Saudi Arabian study based on data collected from 50 441 patients, showed that implementation of the pressure ulcer prevention programme (PUPP) was successful showing a statistically significant reduction of HAPUs from 0.20% in 2014 to 0.06% in 2018 (P value <.001). The aim of this follow-up check of the original study was to assess if the PUPP's effectiveness success was retained. Also, to try and determine why the implemented quality improvement programme to prevent HAPUs was so successfully retained. Designed and conducted as a systemic review, it tracked the outcomes of pressure ulcer rates during and post PUPP implementation that mostly focused on evidence-based staff education, concentrating on years 2016 to 2018. Statistically significant reductions were captured by data that have been presented through Pearson Chi squares. HAPU decline was notable between year 2017 and 2018. This was followed by a further reduction in year 2018. The results determine retention effect sustainability of the initial positive results achieved. By doing so, the study was further able to establish that the PUPP had been integrated into the hospital system's care culture as evidenced by the reduction of HAPUs despite a large inpatient growth. Consideration of what contributing factors led to this successful integration of new knowledge into the care culture are also examined. KPIs can be used as indicators to help reinforce staff education. Culture of care (support of values and interventions taught during the PUPP) offer hope that these may be duplicated in future improvement projects. The supportive nature of a given culture of care may in fact be just as important as the practical education provided to staff members.

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