Title

Improved Na storage and Coulombic efficiency in TiP2O7@C microflowers for sodium ion batteries

Publication Name

Nano Research

Abstract

Ti-based anode materials in sodium ion batteries have attracted extensive interests due to its abundant resources, low toxicity, easy synthesis and long cycle life. However, low Coulombic efficiency and limited specific capacity affect their applications. Here, cubic-phase TiP O is examined as anode materials, using in-situ/ex-situ characterization techniques. It is concluded that the redox reactions of Ti /Ti and Ti /Ti consecutively occur during the discharge/charge processes, both of which are highly reversible. These reactions make the specific capacity of TiP O even higher than the case of TiO that only contains a simple anion, O . Interestingly, Ti species participate only one of the redox reactions, due to the remarkable difference in local structures related to the sodiation process. The stable discharge/charge products in TiP O reduce the side reactions and improve the Coulombic efficiency as compared to TiO . These features make it a promising Ti-based anode for sodium ion batteries. Therefore, TiP O @C microflowers exhibit excellent electrochemical performances, ~ 109 mAh·g after 10,000 cycles at 2 A·g , or 95.2 mAh·g at 10 A·g . The results demonstrate new opportunities for advanced Ti-based anodes in sodium ion batteries. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]. 2 7 2 7 2 2 7 2 2 7 4+ 3+ 3+ 0 2− −1 −1 −1 −1

Open Access Status

This publication is not available as open access

Volume

14

Issue

1

First Page

139

Last Page

147

Funding Number

2017 GGX40101

Funding Sponsor

Fundamental Research Fund of Shandong University

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Link to publisher version (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12274-020-3057-5