Accuracy-Tweakable Federated Learning with Minimal Interruption

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Proceedings - 2023 International Conference on Data Security and Privacy Protection, DSPP 2023


Federated machine learning plays a significant role in pivotal industries such as health, finance and Internet-of-Things. Not needing to share training data makes it appealing for privacy preservation, which is crucial in these sectors. However, base-form federated learning does not offer adequate security guarantees, which has led to a diverse line of research to counteract the associated weaknesses. Existing work is inefficient when dealing with malicious clients, and accumulates varying levels of error from noisy intermediate models. In this paper, we present a federated learning protocol that utilizes a novel implementation of identifiable secret sharing together with learning with errors. The proposed protocol can effectively identify malicious clients, which allows only honest parameters to be obtained with minimal interruption to the training sequence. Furthermore, our protocol offers an accuracy tolerance mechanism that can be tweaked to suit the application. This prevents a residual noise level above the tolerance from degrading the intermediate model accuracy. In turn, it can ensure the end validation accuracy is above the desired level. We also show that our approach is lightweight on the clients, as we focus on efficient federated learning with smaller IoT devices.

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