Parents’ knowledge, beliefs, acceptance and uptake of the HPV vaccine in members of The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN): A systematic review of quantitative and qualitative studies

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Background and objective: Cervical cancer is the second most common malignancy affecting females in Southeast Asia. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines have been available since 2006. Several Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member countries have since introduced and/or piloted the HPV vaccine with adolescent females. This systematic review was conducted to understand what factors influence parents’ acceptance of the HPV vaccine in the region. Methods: Seven databases were searched for qualitative and quantitative studies published up to 16 April 2020. Papers were included if they were peer-reviewed, in English, available in full text, and had a focus on parents’ knowledge, beliefs, attitudes and acceptance of the HPV vaccine. Findings were integrated to answer the review question using framework analysis based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour. Results: Sixteen publications were included and synthesised under the Theory of Planned Behaviour domains: 1) Knowledge, attitudes and acceptance, 2) subjective norms, and 3) perceived behavioural control. Parents’ attitudes to HPV vaccination were positive and acceptance to vaccinate their daughters against HPV was high. The uptake was high when the vaccine was offered for free. Conclusion: Parents’ acceptance and uptake of the HPV vaccine in ASEAN member-countries was high when the vaccine was offered for free even though their knowledge of cervical cancer and HPV was poor. Further research is needed to see how uptake and acceptance can be maintain when the vaccine is not offered for free.

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