High-performance intercalated composite solid electrolytes for lithium metal battery

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Energy Storage Materials


Composite solid electrolytes (CSEs) combining the advantages of both inorganic and organic solid-state electrolytes, are expected to become the most promising solid electrolyte owning to their favorable interfaces with electrodes. However, low room-temperature ionic conductivity restricts the application of CSEs in lithium metal batteries. Herein, we design an intercalated CSE based on poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) (PVDF-HFP). Kaolin (2SiO2-Al2O3-2H2O), employed as an oxidative flame retardant, imparts nonflammability to the material. The polar molecule dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is inserted between the kaolin layers as the pre-intercalation treatment, serving as an organic additive within the PVDF-HFP based SPE. The intercalated structure of CSE provides rapid Li+ transport channels, resulting in a high ionic conductivity (8.58 × 10−4 S cm−1) and large Li+ transference number at room temperature. The Li||Li symmetrical cell with prepared CSE exhibits outstanding cyclic stability of over 1400 h at a current density of 0.2 mA cm−2 for the capacity of 0.2 mAh cm−2. Moreover, the assembled Li||LiFePO4 cell delivers a high initial capacity of 140.5 mAh g−1 with a capacity retention of 81.2 % after 800 cycles at 0.5 C. In this paper, we present a novel approach for constructing high-performance solid-state lithium metal batteries.

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