Title

Residential self-selection, perceived built environment and type 2 diabetes incidence: A longitudinal analysis of 36,224 middle to older age adults

RIS ID

136649

Publication Details

Dendup, T., Astell-Burt, T. & Feng, X. (2019). Residential self-selection, perceived built environment and type 2 diabetes incidence: A longitudinal analysis of 36,224 middle to older age adults. Health and Place, 58 102154-1-102154-10.

Abstract

Much of the existing studies on the built environment and type 2 diabetes are cross-sectional and prone to residential self-selection bias. Using multilevel logistic regression analysis of 36,224 participants from a longitudinal study, we examined whether perceived built environment characteristics are associated with type 2 diabetes. We found that the odds of diabetes incidence varied geographically. Those who reported that there were no local amenities and reported day- and night-time crime rates made walking unsafe in the neighbourhood had higher odds of developing incident type 2 diabetes. These associations persisted after accounting for some predictors of residential self-selection. More longitudinal studies are needed to corroborate the findings. Changing the features of the residential built environment may be an important point of intervention for type 2 diabetes prevention.

Grant Number

NHMRC/1101065

Grant Number

NHMRC/1140317

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