Work, value and space: Three key questions of making for the Anthropocene
Debates about the precarious ecological state of the world are gathering pace. The Anthropocene is a term that has been proposed across the natural and social sciences to describe a new geological epoch defined by the unprecedented influence of humans on climate and the environment (Castree, 2014; Head, 2016). Making, where it is connected with the carbon-intensive transformation of raw materials into usable things, arguably sits at the centre of Anthropocenic concerns (Bridge, 2001, 2009; Castree, 2004; Cook, 2004). The question of making, under such conditions, is increasingly one of sustaining everyday life in a way that does not demand abundant resources. Initiatives such as the Circular Economy (Hobson, 2016), the field of industrial ecology and investigations into product stewardship (Lane and Watson, 2012) offer a range of approaches to the environmental challenges that accompany making at scale.