Title

A cost minimization analysis of occupational therapy discharge planning for older adults: the HOME randomized controlled trial

RIS ID

125552

Publication Details

Wales, K., Salkeld, G., Clemson, L., Lannin, N. A., Gitlin, L., Rubenstein, L., Howard, K., Howell, M. & Cameron, I. D. (2018). A cost minimization analysis of occupational therapy discharge planning for older adults: the HOME randomized controlled trial. Clinical Rehabilitation, 32 (7), 919-929.

Abstract

Objective: To compare the cost effectiveness of two occupational therapy-led discharge planning interventions from the HOME trial. Design: An economic evaluation was conducted within the superiority randomized HOME trial to assess the difference in costs and health-related outcomes associated with the enhanced program and the in-hospital consultation. Total costs of health and community service utilization were used to calculate incremental cost-effectiveness ratios, activities of daily living and quality-adjusted life years. Setting: Medical and acute care wards of Australian hospitals (n=5). Subjects: A total of 400 people ≥ 70 years of age. Interventions: Participants were randomized to either (1) an enhanced program (HOME), involving pre/post discharge visits and two follow-up phone calls, or (2) an in-hospital consultation using the home and community environment assessment and the Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living assessment. Main measures: Nottingham Extended Activities of Daily Living (global measure of activities of daily living) and SF-12V2, transformed into SF-6D (quality-adjusted life year) measured at baseline and three months post discharge. Results: The cost of the enhanced program was higher than that of the in-hospital consultation. However, a higher proportion of patients showed improvement in activities of daily living in the enhanced program with an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of $61,906.00 per person with clinically meaningful improvement. Conclusion: Health services would not save money by implementing the enhanced program as a routine intervention in medical and acute care wards. Future research should incorporate longer time horizons and consider which patient groups would benefit from home visits.

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Link to publisher version (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0269215518764249