Toward "One Health" Promotion
The One Health agenda comprises efforts across multiple sectors and disciplines to coordinate the interdependence of human existence with nonhuman animals and within ecosystems. Thus far, however, One Health has mainly been construed as an ecological approach to the prevention and control of infectious diseases, especially those which are zoonotic, meaning that they can be transmitted from non‐human animals to humans. Yet the conceptual underpinnings of One Health remain ambiguous and ill‐defined, especially as the concept explicitly extends the notion of ‘health’ to non‐human animals and environments. Furthermore, the implications of the One Health concept for emotional and social well‐being have received little attention, implying that ‘health’ consists merely of an absence of physical disease, injury or illness. Anthropologists are among those who are well‐positioned to lending depth and nuance to One Health research and practice, and in doing so, environmental anthropology, medical anthropology and science and technology studies (STS) may become more integrated. To that end, and against the background of a comparative analysis of central policies adopted by the World Health Organization (WHO) and World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), this chapter contributes to the conceptualisation of One Health promotion.