Adolescent therapeutic community treatment - An Australian perspective
Emerald Group Publishing Limited.Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the adolescent therapeutic community (ATC) literature - drawing on studies primarily from the USA with consideration made to the Australian context. Design/methodology/approach - A review of the efficacy research for ATCs is considered, and the characteristics of Australians accessing ATC treatment are discussed in the context of developmental needs. Findings - Similarities are found in what precipitates and perpetuates adolescent substance use in the USA and Australia, and therefore, what appears to facilitate effective treatment utilising the therapeutic community model. Originality/value - The paper provides a valuable perspective for Australian services, and explores the application of the ATC model within the Australian treatment context.