In this chapter, we examine the impact of sport for development and peace (SDP) initiatives for girls in two different contexts: Canada and Australia. While Canada and Australia share a mutual heritage on a number of fronts, for the purposes of this chapter, perhaps one of the most profound parallels between these two countries is a shared colonial history, with government by white settler societies and cultures resulting in extensive exploitation and dispossession of Indigenous traditional land. Also, despite important differences, in both countries, racist legislation (i.e., the Indian Act in Canada in 1876, the Aboriginal Protection Act in Australia in 1869) contributed to great harms to Indigenous peoples, and neo-colonial and neoliberal forms of domination and oppression have continued to subjugate and negatively impact the lives of Indigenous peoples. This has not been without resistance, such as through struggles for land rights and other activist movements such as "Idle No More" (INM), which focuses on promoting Indigenous knowledge and is anchored in Indigenous self-determination, calling on all people to "join in a peaceful revolution, to honour Indigenous sovereignty, and to protect the land and water" (INM n.d., para. 1).
Hayhurst, L. M. C., Giles, A. R. & Wright, J. (2016). The benefits and challenges of girl-focused Indigenous SDP programs in Australia and Canada. In L. M. C. Hayhurst, T. Kay & M. Chawansky (Eds.), Beyond Sport for Development and Peace: Transnational perspectives on theory, policy and practice (pp. 111-127). Abingdon, United Kingdom: Routledge.