Mobile learning, rebuilding community through building communities, supporting community capacities: post-natural disaster experiences
This chapter explores how risk communications embodied in online resources can support, empower and educate individuals throughout different stages of disaster, as identified in disaster sociology, which explores social phe- nomena resulting from human responses to social disruptions following disasters. Part of responding to, planning for, and experiencing disaster is seeking infor- mation in response to perceived risks, so that appropriate responses can be made. With on-going advancement in Information and Communication Technology (ICT), information about disaster-related risks is readily available online. These resources communicate to individuals risks, how to prepare for disaster and the best routes to safety. The effectiveness of online risk communication depends on individuals' particular needs and how they perceive risk. Furthermore, engaging in risk communication through a variety of online resources allows individuals to transform their experiences into knowledge. Individuals can adjust skills and knowledge required for recovery, as well as reduce fear and anxiety. Carefully designed and theoretically informed online resources can empower and educate individuals through facilitating increased resilience, social cohesion and rebuilding of communities.