The rejection of mono- and di-valent ions from aquatic environment by MWNT/chitosan buckypaper composite membranes: Influences of chitosan concentrations
Owing to the scarcity of proper drinking water is an urgent problem, MWNT/Chitosan membrane is greeting to reject mono- and di-valent ions from water. MWNT/Chitosan membrane was fabricated through the dispersion of Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) in an aqueous solution containing different concentrations of chitosan. The influence of solution concentration on membrane salt rejection properties, as well as contact angle, electrical conductivity, water permeability, mechanical properties, zeta potential, surface area and internal pores morphologies has been investigated. The resulting buckypaper demonstrate that the contact angle (91° ± 4° to 124° ± 3°), electrical conductivity (17 ± 1 to 83 ± 3 S/cm), water permeability (0.59 ± 0.04 to 5.73 ± 0.3 L/m2 h bar), surface area and internal pores morphologies of the buckypaper membranes were decreased by increasing the concentration of chitosan. While, the mechanical properties (tensile strengths varied between 35 ± 2 and 75 ± 3 MPa) and zeta potential of these buckypaper membranes were found to increase with increasing the amounts of chitosan. A buckypaper fabricated from MWNTs and a high concentration of chitosan (0.4% w/v) showed a higher rejection efficiency for these salts, possibly due to their smaller internal pore volumes and lower specific surface area.