Peter I. Macreadie, Deakin University
Andrea Anton, King Abdulla University of Science and Technology
John Raven, University of Dundee
Nicola Beaumont, Plymouth Marine Lab
Rod M. Connolly, Griffith University
Daniel Friess, National University of Singapore
Jeffrey Kelleway, University of WollongongFollow
Hilary Kennedy, Bangor University
Tomohiro Kuwae, Port and Airport Research Institute
Paul S. Lavery, Edith Cowan University, Center for Advanced Studies of Blanes-CSIC
Catherine E. Lovelock, Utah State University, University of QueenslandFollow
D Smale, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, New Zealand
Eugenia Apostolaki, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research
Trisha B. Atwood, Utah State University, University of Queensland
Jeffrey A. Baldock, Commonwealth Scientific Industrial Research Organisation
Thomas Bianchi, University of Florida
Gail Chmura, McGill University
Bradley Eyre, Southern Cross University
James Fourqurean, University of Western Australia
Jason Hall-Spencer, University of Plymouth
Mark Huxham, University of Edinburgh
Iris Hendriks, Institut Mediterrani d'Estudis Avancats
Dorte Krause-Jensen, Aarhus University
Dan Laffoley, International Union for Conservation of Nature
Tiziana Luisetti, Centre for Environment, Fisheries, and Aquaculture Science
Nuria Marba, Institut Mediterrani d'Estudis Avancats
Pere Masque, Edith Cowan University
Karen McGlathery, University of Virginia
J P. Megonigal, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center
Daniel Murdiyarso, Bogor Agricultural University
Bayden Russell, University of Hong Kong
Rui Santos, University of Algarve
Oscar Serrano, University of Western Australia, Edith Cowan University
Brian Silliman, Duke University
Kenta Watanabe, Port and Airport Research Institute
Carlos M. Duarte, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology



Publication Details

Macreadie, P. I., Anton, A., Raven, J. A., Beaumont, N., Connolly, R. M., Friess, D. A., Kelleway, J. J., Kennedy, H., Kuwae, T., Lavery, P. S., Lovelock, C. E., Smale, D. A., Apostolaki, E. T., Atwood, T. B., Baldock, J., Bianchi, T. S., Chmura, G. L., Eyre, B. D., Fourqurean, J. W., Hall-Spencer, J. M., Huxham, M., Hendriks, I. E., Krause-Jensen, D., Laffoley, D., Luisetti, T., Marba, N., Masque, P., McGlathery, K. J., Megonigal, J. Patrick., Murdiyarso, D., Russell, B. D., Santos, R., Serrano, O., Silliman, B. R., Watanabe, K. & Duarte, C. M. (2019). The future of Blue Carbon science. Nature Communications, 10 3998-1-3998-13.


The term Blue Carbon (BC) was first coined a decade ago to describe the disproportionately large contribution of coastal vegetated ecosystems to global carbon sequestration. The role of BC in climate change mitigation and adaptation has now reached international prominence. To help prioritise future research, we assembled leading experts in the field to agree upon the top-ten pending questions in BC science. Understanding how climate change affects carbon accumulation in mature BC ecosystems and during their restoration was a high priority. Controversial questions included the role of carbonate and macroalgae in BC cycling, and the degree to which greenhouse gases are released following disturbance of BC ecosystems. Scientists seek improved precision of the extent of BC ecosystems; techniques to determine BC provenance; understanding of the factors that influence sequestration in BC ecosystems, with the corresponding value of BC; and the management actions that are effective in enhancing this value. Overall this overview provides a comprehensive road map for the coming decades on future research in BC science.



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