The first phytochemical investigation of Uvaria lurida resulted in the isolation and identification of three new polyoxygenated cyclohexenes, (+)-(1R,2S,3R,6S)-uvarialuridols A-C (1-3), together with 10 known compounds (4-13). All new structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods and HRESIMS. The absolute configurations of compounds 1 and 5 were confirmed by X-ray diffraction analysis using Cu Kα radiation. The absolute configurations of compounds 2-4 were identified from comparisons of their specific rotations and ECD spectra with those of known compounds. Compound 11 showed α-glucosidase inhibitory activity with an IC50 value of 30 μM which was better than the standard control, acarbose (74 μM) whereas, compound 10 exhibited nitric oxide (NO) production inhibitory activity with an IC50 value of 37 μM.
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