Publication Details

El-Naggar, M., Eldehna, W. M., Almahli, H., Elgez, A., Metwaly, M., Elaasser, M. M. & Abdel-Aziz, H. A. (2018). Novel thiazolidinone/thiazolo[3,2-a] benzimidazolone-isatin conjugates as apoptotic anti-proliferative agents towards breast cancer: One-pot synthesis and in vitro biological evaluation. Molecules, 23 (6), 1420-1-1420-19.


In connection with our research program on the development of new isatin-based anticancer candidates, herein we report the synthesis of two novel series of thiazolidinone-isatin conjugates (4a-n) and thiazolo[3,2-a]benzimidazolone-isatin conjugates (7a-d), and in vitro evaluation of their antiproliferative activity towards two breast cancer cell lines; triple negative MDA-MB-231, and MCF-7. Compounds 4m and 7b emerged as the most active congeners against MDA-MB-231 cells (IC50= 7.6 ± 0.5 and 13.2 ± 1.1 µM, respectively). Compounds 4m and 7b were able to provoke apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 cells, evidenced by the up-regulation of Bax and down-regulation of Bcl-2, besides boosting caspase-3 levels. Hybrid 4m induced a fourfold increase in the percentage of cells at Sub-G1, with concurrent arrest in G2-M phase by 2.5-folds. Furthermore, hybrid 4m resulted in a sixfold increase in the percentage of annexin V-FITC positive apoptotic MDA-MB-231 cells as compared with the control. Moreover, the cytotoxic activities of the active conjugates were assessed towards two nontumorigenic cell lines (breast MCF-10A and lung WI-38) where both conjugates 4m and 7b displayed mean tumor selectivity index: 9.6 and 13.9, respectively. Finally, several ADME descriptors were predicted for the active conjugates via a theoretical kinetic study.



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