Multicentre, randomised, blinded, control trial of drug-eluting balloon vs Sham in recurrent native dialysis fistula stenoses
Background: Endovascular treatment of autogenous arteriovenous haemodialysis fistula stenosis has high reintervention rates. We investigate the effect of drug-eluting balloons in the treatment of recurrent haemodialysis fistula stenosis.
Methods: This is a randomised, controlled, investigator-initiated and run, prospective, blinded, multicentre trial. Patients with recurrent autogenous arteriovenous haemodialysis fistula stenosis received standard endovascular treatment plus drug-eluting balloon or standard endovascular treatment plus uncoated balloon (Sham). Primary endpoint was late lumen loss in trial area on ultrasound at 6 weeks, 3, 6 and 12 months. Secondary endpoints were freedom from reintervention to the Index Trial Area and decline in fistula flow (Qa). Interim analysis was performed at 6 months (unblinded due to timeliness).
Results: Patients with 132 recurrent stenoses (48% in bare Nitinol stents) were randomised with 70 receiving drug-eluting balloon and 62 Sham. At 6 months, decline in late lumen loss was 0.23 ± 0.03 mm/month for Sham and 0.045 ± 0.03 mm/month for drug-eluting balloon arm, a significant difference (0.18 mm, p = 0.0002). At 12 months, this difference persisted at 0.12 mm (p = 0.0003). At 6 months, significant difference in late lumen loss for instent restenoses (p = 0.0004) was observed, with non-significant difference for unstented restenoses (p = 0.065). Mean time for freedom from reintervention was 10.14 months for Sham versus 42.39 months for drug-eluting balloon (p = 0.001). The same was shown for instent (p = 0.014) and unstented (p = 0.029) restenoses. Qa decline rate at 6 months was 36.89 mL/min/month (Sham) and 0.41 mL/min (drug-eluting balloon). The difference was significant (36.48 mL/min; p = 0.02) and persisted to 12 months (p = 0.44).
Conclusion: Paclitaxel drug-eluting balloon significantly delays restenosis after angioplasty for recurrent autogenous arteriovenous haemodialysis fistula stenosis, persisting to 12 months. Drug-eluting balloon significantly increases freedom from reintervention at 12 months with these effects true in stented and unstented fistulas.
Publication Details Citation
Swinnen, J., Hitos, K., Kairaitis, L., Gruenewald, S., Larcos, G., Farlow, D., Huber, D., Cassorla, G., Leo, C., Villalba, L. M., Allen, R., Niknam, F., & Burgess, D. (2019). Multicentre, randomised, blinded, control trial of drug-eluting balloon vs Sham in recurrent native dialysis fistula stenoses. Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: Part B. https://doi.org/10.1177/1129729818801556. Retrieved from https://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers1/508