Competitive 1,3-Dipolar Cycloaddition Reactions of an Azomethine Ylide with Aromatic and Carbonyl Groups of Nitro-Substituted Isatoic Anhydrides
A study of the reactivity of a non-stabilised azomethine ylide, derived from N-(methoxymethyl)-N-(trimethylsilylmethyl)benzylamine, with nitro-substituted isatoic anhydrides was undertaken. N-Methyl-4-nitroisatoic anhydride underwent a 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction exclusively at the isatoic anhydride C1-carbonyl group, followed by decarboxylative rearrangement to yield a benzo-1,3-diazepin-5-one derivative. In contrast, N-methyl-5-nitroisatoic anhydride underwent competing cycloaddition processes to the isatoic anhydride C1-carbonyl group and to the nitro-substituted aromatic ring. The dearomative addition reaction resulted in the formation of novel tetracyclic products.