Complications of elective intracranial pressure monitoring in adult hydrocephalus
Continuous invasive monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP) can be used in the diagnosis and management of various types of chronic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) circulation disorders, such as hydrocephalus, shunt dysfunction and idiopathic intracranial hypertension. The risk profile and incidence of adverse events of this surgical procedure in this patient population is not well established. We aimed to investigate and describe the risks of ICP monitoring in adult patients with chronic CSF circulation disorders. We analysed 152 patients undergoing continuous ICP monitoring between 2010 and 2019, mainly for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. The average duration of ICP monitoring was 17 h 51 min. We observed no major adverse events, such as symptomatic intracranial haemorrhage, intracranial infection, or persistent neurological deficit. Minor complications were seen in 7% of patients and included accidental removal of the ICP probe in 4 patients, inability to remove the probe requiring surgical removal in 2 patients and single generalised seizures in 2 patients. In summary, the risk of serious adverse events and complications from invasive ICP monitoring in chronic CSF circulation disorders in adult patients appears to be low.