Self-affirmation: Medical students develop "healthy" confidence by using video-analysis



Publication Details

Ashcroft, E., Rienits, H. & Rhodes, K. J. (2011). Self-affirmation: Medical students develop "healthy" confidence by using video-analysis. AMEE 2011, an International Association for Medical Education (p. 191). Vienna:


Background Health professional education uses video recordings as self-analysis and reflection tool in clinical skill and communication skill development. Described benefits encompass better skill development, greater skill retention, enhanced ability to self-assess and reduced need for faculty input in the learning process. Summary of work We offered year 1 and year 2 medical students who showed deficits in their skills development, video-analysis of their skill performances as an additional remediation tool. The students were free to analyse the video on their own, with a peer or with a teacher. We collected qualitative data from consenting students and conducted a thematic analysis on ten semi-structured interviews. Summary of results The results confirmed findings from previous research, but also revealed self-affirmation as a significant theme. Students identified this confirmation of achievement as a valuable confounder to reduce assessment anxiety and stress. Conclusion Video self-analysis is a useful tool to affirm students' skill and to build early confidence, provided clear process guidelines are available to the students. Take home messages Students who lack confidence may use video-analysis of skills in exam preparation and for remediation work to control their assessment anxiety and stress.

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