Exploring Nursing Students' Perspectives of a Novel Point-of-View Disability Simulation
Background: Empathy is integral to therapeutic relationships and person-centered care. Interventions specifically targeting empathy toward people who have a disability may be of benefit to nursing education.
Method: In this article, we describe a novel point-of-view simulation designed to enhance empathy toward people who have a disability as a result of acquired brain injury. Nursing students' perspectives of the simulation were examined using a concurrent nested mixed methods design and using the Satisfaction with Disability Simulation Experience Scale, which includes 18 closed and one open-ended question.
Results: A total of 384 second-year nursing students from a population of 488 participated, giving a response rate of 79%. The overall mean satisfaction score was 4.49/5.0 (standard deviation = 0.55), indicating a high level of agreement with each of the survey items. Thirty-five participants responded to the open-ended question, and analysis of their comments revealed three themes: A valuable experience, new insights, and standing in someone else's shoes.
Conclusion: Given that there is compelling research about the benefits of empathic engagement with patients, the results from this study support continuing investment in point-of-view simulation experiences.