Environmental effects of ozone depletion, UV radiation and interactions with climate change: UNEP Environmental Effects Assessment Panel, update 2017


Alkiviadis F. Bais, Aristotle University of ThessalonikiFollow
Robyn M. Lucas, Australian National UniversityFollow
Janet F. Bornman, Curtin UniversityFollow
Craig E. Williamson, Miami UniversityFollow
Barbara Sulzberger, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and TechnologyFollow
Amy T. Austin, University of Buenos AiresFollow
Stephen R. Wilson, University of WollongongFollow
Anthony L. Andrady, North Carolina State UniversityFollow
Germar H. Bernhard, Biospherical Instruments IncFollow
Richard L. McKenzie, New Zealand National Institute of Water and Atmospheric ResearchFollow
Pieter J. Aucamp, Ptersa Environmental ConsultantsFollow
Sasha Madronich, National Center For Atmospheric Research, Boulder, United StatesFollow
Rachel E. Neale, QIMR Berghofer Medical Research InstituteFollow
S Yazar, University of Western Australia
Antony R. Young, King's College LondonFollow
Frank R. de Gruijl, Leiden University Medical CenterFollow
Mary Norval, University of EdinburghFollow
Yukio Takizawa, National Institute for Minimata DiseaseFollow
Paul W. Barnes, Loyola University New OrleansFollow
T Robson, University of Helsinki
Sharon A. Robinson, University of WollongongFollow
Carlos L. Ballare, IFEVA Universidad de Buenos AiresFollow
S D. Flint, University of Idaho
Patrick Neale, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center
Samuel Hylander, University of Linnaeus
Kevin C. Rose, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Sten-Ake Wangberg, University of Gothenburg
Donat -P Hader, Friedrich-Alexander-University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
Robert Worrest, Columbia UniversityFollow
Richard G. Zepp, United States Environmental Protection AgencyFollow
Nigel D. Paul, Lancaster UniversityFollow
Rose M. Cory, University of Michigan
Keith R. Solomon, University of GuelphFollow
Janice Longstreth, TIGRRFollow
Krishna K. Pandey, Institute of Wood Science and TechnologyFollow
Halim Halim Redhwi, King Fahd University of Petroleum & MineralsFollow
Ayako Torikai, Materials Life Society of JapanFollow
Anu Heikkila, Finnish Meteorological Institute



Publication Details

Bais, A. F., Lucas, R. M., Bornman, J. F., Williamson, C. E., Sulzberger, B., Austin, A. T., Wilson, S. R., Andrady, A. L., Bernhard, G., McKenzie, R. L., Aucamp, P. J., Madronich, S., Neale, R. E., Yazar, S., Young, A. R., de Gruijl, F. R., Norval, M., Takizawa, Y., Barnes, P. W., Robson, T. M., Robinson, S. A., Ballare, C. L., Flint, S. D., Neale, P. J., Hylander, S., Rose, K. C., Wangberg, S. -A., Hader, D. -P., Worrest, R. C., Zepp, R. G., Paul, N. D., Cory, R. M., Solomon, K. R., Longstreth, J., Pandey, K. K., Redhwi, H. H., Torikai, A. & Heikkila, A. M. (2018). Environmental effects of ozone depletion, UV radiation and interactions with climate change: UNEP Environmental Effects Assessment Panel, update 2017. Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences, 17 (2), 127-127.


The Environmental Effects Assessment Panel (EEAP) is one of three Panels of experts that inform the Parties to the Montreal Protocol. The EEAP focuses on the effects of UV radiation on human health, terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, air quality, and materials, as well as on the interactive effects of UV radiation and global climate change. When considering the effects of climate change, it has become clear that processes resulting in changes in stratospheric ozone are more complex than previously held. Because of the Montreal Protocol, there are now indications of the beginnings of a recovery of stratospheric ozone, although the time required to reach levels like those before the 1960s is still uncertain, particularly as the effects of stratospheric ozone on climate change and vice versa, are not yet fully understood. Some regions will likely receive enhanced levels of UV radiation, while other areas will likely experience a reduction in UV radiation as ozone- and climate-driven changes affect the amounts of UV radiation reaching the Earth's surface. Like the other Panels, the EEAP produces detailed Quadrennial Reports every four years; the most recent was published as a series of seven papers in 2015 (Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2015, 14, 1-184). In the years in between, the EEAP produces less detailed and shorter Update Reports of recent and relevant scientific findings. The most recent of these was for 2016 (Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2017, 16, 107-145). The present 2017 Update Report assesses some of the highlights and new insights about the interactive nature of the direct and indirect effects of UV radiation, atmospheric processes, and climate change. A full 2018 Quadrennial Assessment, will be made available in 2018/2019.

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