Publication Details

Miyakis, S., Robertson, S. A. & Krilis, S. A. (2004). Beta-2 glycoprotein I and its role in antiphospholipid syndrome: lessons from knockout mice. Clinical Immunology, 112 (2), 136-143.


The antiphospholipid syndrome is characterized by the presence in serum of autoantibodies against h2GPI. Although the role of h2GPI in the pathogenesis of antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) is well recognized, its exact physiological functions still remain undisclosed. Several interactions of h2GPI with components of the coagulation cascade have been proposed, resulting in both procoagulant and anticoagulant effects. Additionally, h2GPI has been implicated in the mechanism of recurrent fetal loss entailed in APS. Recently, using a homologous recombination approach, reproduction of mice homozygous for deletion of the b2GPI gene has been feasible. h2GPI knockout mice offer a valuable tool for revealing the physiological role of the protein. These mice show decreased in vitro ability for thrombin generation. Furthermore, although mice lacking h2GPI are fertile, the success of early pregnancy is moderately compromised and functional h2GPI is believed necessary for optimal implantation and placental morphogenesis.



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