Publication Details

Jeffrey, K. & Bourgeois, S. (2011). The effect of Personal Digital Assistants in supporting the development of clinical reasoning in undergraduate nursing students: a systematic review. JBI Library of Systematic Reviews, 9 (2), 38-68.


The knowledge and skills mandate of nurses in the 21st Century have evolved in complexity and depth. Nurses are required to engage in higher cognitive thinking processes for safe and effective practice. The ability to integrate theoretical knowledge as it applies to the individual context of the patient to prevent or amend an adverse event has born testimony to nursings’ professional development. A symbiotic relationship exists between nursing theoretical knowledge and nursing practice; however a gap exists in reality for integrating and contextualising nursing knowledge into the clinical environment following graduation from tertiary institutions.