Publication Details

Tsang, C. W., Ho, T. K. & Ip, K. Ho. (2011). Train schedule coordination at interchange station in an open railway market through agent negotiation. Transportation Science, 45 (2), 258-270.


In open railway markets, coordinating train schedules at an interchange station requires negotiation between two independent train operating companies to resolve their operational conflicts. This paper models the stakeholders as software agents and proposes an agent negotiation model to study their interaction. Three negotiation strategies have been devised to represent the possible objectives of the stakeholders, and they determine the behavior in proposing offers to the proponent. Empirical simulation results confirm that the use of the proposed negotiation strategies lead to outcomes that are consistent with the objectives of the stakeholders.


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