Phytochemical and larvicidal studies on Stemona curtisii: Structure of a new pyriodo[1,2-a]azepine Stemona alkaloid
A new pentacyclic Stemona alkaloid, stemocurtisinol (3), with a pyrido[1,2-a]azepine A,B-ring system, and the known pyrrolo[1,2-a]azepine alkaloid oxyprotostemonine (4) have been isolated from a root extract of S. curtisii. The structure and relative stereochemistry of stemocurtisinol was determined by spectral data interpretation and X-ray crystallography. This compound is a diastereoisomer of oxystemokerrin and has the opposite configuration at C-4 and C-19. The individual alkaloid components showed significant larvicidal activity (IC50 4−39 ppm) on mosquito larvae (Anopheles minimus HO).
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Mungkornasawakul, P., Pyne, S. G., Jatisatienr, A., Supyen, D., Jatisatienr, C., Lie, W., Ung, A. T., Skelton, B. W. & White, A. H. (2004). Phytochemical and larvicidal studies on Stemona curtisii: Structure of a new pyriodo[1,2-a]azepine Stemona alkaloid. Journal of Natural Products, 67 675-677.