Publication Details

Yamanaka, T., Wang, J., Nagao, T., Yaginuma, S., Liu, C., Tupkalo, A. V. & Sakurai, T. (2008). Growth of atomically flat nanofilms and surface superstructures of intrinsic liquid alloys. Applied Physics Letters, 92 (14), 143116-1-143116-3.


Atomically flat nanofilms were formed during growth of Ga on a Si(111) surface using an In surfactant above the melting point of Ga (and In–Ga eutectic) throughout Ga coverages of 0.17 to 5 monolayers (0.17 ≤ ΘGa ≤5). Unique superstructures such as a quasisquare-lattice (QS) structure at ΘGa=3 to 4 and a 5x5 structure at 0Ga=5 appeared as ΘGa increased. The QS structure had Ga dimer layers similar to the square lattices of an alpha-Ga(100) plane but also maintained the 1x1 structure of Si(111). As dimer layers transformed into a monoatomic layer, QS transformed into a 5x5 structure that no longer has square features.



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