Photovoltaic properties of poly(terthiophene) doped with light-harvesting dyes and photocurrent generation mechanism
A range of commercially available anionic dyes were successfully incorporated as dopants during the electrodeposition of poly(terthiophene) (P(TTh)). Photovoltaic testing revealed that the best photoelectrochemical cell (PEC) was based on P(TTh) doped with Sulforhodamine B, which showed short-circuit-current (Isc) = 178 μA cm−2, open-circuit-voltage (Voc) = 318 mV, fill-factor (FF) = 29.6% and power-conversion-efficiency (PCE) = 0.0334% under white light illumination intensity of 500 W m−2. Photocurrent action spectroscopy of the PECs based on dye-doped P(TTh)s prepared here, and of the PECs prepared in a previous study, showed that only a cationic dye directly contributed to photocurrent, while anionic dyes did not. It is proposed that these observations are due to attractive or repulsive electrostatic interactions between dyes and the electron acceptor I3− at the polymer/electrolyte interface.