Publication Details

This chapter was originally published as: Adams, M, Beyond Yellowstone? Conservation and Indigenous rights in Australia and Sweden, in G. Cant, A. Goodall & J. Inns (eds) Discourses and Silences: Indigenous Peoples, Risks and Resistance, Department of Geography, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand, 2005, 127-138.


Faced with the paradox of a large global increase in conservation reserves and a simultaneous global decrease in actual effective protection for biodiversity, conservation scientists and others are questioning established conservation theory and practice. Conservation is largely a ‘residual’ landuse, which often conflicts with another residual landuse, the remaining lands owned or accessed by Indigenous peoples. I argue that the Western conservation model has created this situation, and that engaging with Indigenous ways of relating to ‘nature’ could lead to improved outcomes. From the basis that environmental problems are fundamentally social problems, and using case studies from Australia and Sweden, I contribute to explorations of new paradigms in environmental and social relationships between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples.