Prolonged clinical effects in modified-release amitriptyline poisoning
Background. Tricyclic antidepressant poisoning is often associated with significant cardiovascular and central nervous system toxicity. Effective treatment includes the use of appropriate gastric decontamination techniques, the administration of sodium bicarbonate, and meticulous supportive care. Tricylcic antidepressant toxicity typically lasts 24–48 hours following a significant overdose. Case Report. We describe a case of tricyclic antidepressant poisoning where significant clinical toxicity (QRS prolongation, metabolic acidosis) was observed for up to 4 days following ingestion of a modified-release preparation of amitriptyline. Successful patient recovery was associated with the use of multidose activated charcoal and repeated administration of intravenous sodium bicarbonate. Conclusions. Clinicians should be aware of the potential for prolonged tricyclic toxicity in patients who have ingested modified-release amitriptyline in overdose. Gastric decontamination techniques such as multidose activated charcoal and whole bowel irrigation should be considered where there is evidence of ongoing tricyclic antidepressant absorption or clinical toxicity following ingestion of a modified-release preparation. These interventions may be indicated for prolonged periods (greater than 36 hours) post ingestion.
O'Connor, N., Greene, S. L., Dargan, P. I., Wyncoll, D. & Jones, A. L. (2006). Prolonged clinical effects in modified-release amitriptyline poisoning. Clinical Toxicology, 44 (1), 77-80.