Does adenosine triphosphate released into voided urodynamic fluid contribute to urgency signaling in women with bladder dysfunction?
PurposeAdenosine triphosphate released from urothelium during stretch stimulates afferent nerves and conveys information on bladder fullness. We measured adenosine triphosphate released during cystometric bladder filling in women with idiopathic detrusor overactivity and stress incontinence (controls), and assessed whether the level of released adenosine triphosphate is related to cystometric parameters.Materials and MethodsRoutine cystometry was done in 51 controls and 48 women with detrusor overactivity who were 28 to 87 years old. Voided urodynamic fluid was collected and stored at ÃÂ¿30C. Adenosine triphosphate was measured by a bioluminescence assay.ResultsAdenosine triphosphate levels were similar in voided urodynamic fluid of controls and patients with detrusor overactivity (p = 0.79). A significant inverse correlation was seen between adenosine triphosphate and maximal cystometric capacity in controls (p = 0.013), and between voided volume and adenosine triphosphate in controls (p = 0.015) and detrusor overactivity cases (p = 0.019). A significant correlation between first desire to void and adenosine triphosphate was also noted in detrusor overactivity cases (p = 0.033) but not in controls (p = 0.58). No correlation was seen between adenosine triphosphate and detrusor pressure during filling or voiding.ConclusionsAdenosine triphosphate measurement in voided urodynamic fluid is a novel approach to understanding signals that may contribute to the urgency sensation (a sudden compelling desire to pass urine). The inverse correlation between adenosine triphosphate in voided urodynamic fluid and first desire to void suggests that adenosine triphosphate has a role in modulating the early filling sensation in patients with detrusor overactivity.