Trial of Nand Kumar: a quest for legitimacy
Being apprehensive of the growing British Power in Bengal, Nawab Siraj-ud-daula attacked and captured Calcutta, and turned out the British in 1756. Soon they organised an expedition from Madras under the leadership of Clive and recaptured Calcutta in 1757.1 In the same year, the famous Battle of Plassey was fought in which the Nawab was defeated. The real power in Bengal thus passed into the hands of the East India Company. In 1765, the nominal Moghal Emperor Shah Alam granted to the Company the Diwani of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. The grant of the Diwani gave the Company a de jure status of an official of the Moghal Emperor. It was merely a fiction adopted to conceal the de facto position of the Company which already had the real power in Bengal at the time. Since the acquisition of Diwani, the British continued their rule in Bengal till the independence in 1947. During the British regime, several courts were established and a good number of laws were enacted for the administration of justice in British-India.