Small-scale fisheries in Indonesia: benefits to households, the roles of women, and opportunities for improving livelihoods
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This project will review information and methodologies for evaluating how small-scale fisheries and aquaculture contribute to household livelihoods in Indonesian coastal communities and review the roles of women in small-scale fisheries. It will also investigate cases where attempts have been made to enhance the livelihoods of small-scale fisheries communities by strengthening or diversifying existing livelihoods or introducing alternative ones. The project will evaluate the effectiveness of initiatives to enhance small-scale fisheries livelihoods and their effect on women. Small-scale fisheries contribute to food security, alleviate poverty and prevent malnutrition in the developing world. 90% of people involved in capture fisheries are part of small-scale fisheries. The number of women involved in Indonesian small-scale fisheries and aquaculture is unknown, but may be up to 50% or more of the people engaged in Indonesian fisheries, based on estimates from comparable fisheries in Africa. This research will study how small-scale fisheries and aquaculture enhance coastal livelihoods, and the opportunities (and constraints) in developing livelihood improvement strategies for coastal communities involved in small-scale fisheries.