Publication Details

Mackie, V. (2017). One Thousand Wednesdays: Transnational Activism from Seoul to Glendale. In B. Molony & J. Nelson (Eds.), Women's Activism and 'Second Wave' Feminism: Transnational Histories (pp. 249-271). London: Bloomsbury.


Every Wednesday at lunchtime a group of demonstrators gathers in front of the Japanese Embassy in Seoul.' For over twenty years they have protested against the Japanese military's wartime enforced military prostitution/military sexual slavery system.2 To mark the l,OOOth demonstration in 2011, a statue was erected on this site. (See also Chapter 9 by Seung-kyung Kim and Na-Young Lee in this volume.) The statue depicts a young woman in Korean ethnic dress seated on a chair, facing the Embassy. Beside her is an empty chair, inviting demonstrators to sit beside her in solidarity. Duplicates of the statue have been installed in the War and Women's Human Rights Museum in Seoul, in Glendale in suburban Los Angeles, and in Detroit-with others planned.' Plaques commemorating the women who suffered under this system have also been erected in Manila, New Jersey, New York, and Virginia.•