Transnational criminal law in Australia
Accelerating globalisation has resulted in complex movements of goods and people around the world. While much of this activity occurs through legitimate channels, organised crime groups profit from illicit markets by capitalising on opportunities to supply to demand. The capabilities of transnational crime groups are as diverse as the crimes that they perpetrate, ranging from drug and firearms trafficking to migrant smuggling, trafficking in persons and human organs, cybercrime, terrorism, wildlife trafficking and illegal fishing. Smaller, low-capacity groups may consist of networks of opportunistic individuals who operate on an ad hoc basis. At the other end of the spectrum are sophisticated and well-funded ventures that are highly professional and have the benefit of legal and financial advice that allows them to operate across several countries with relative impunity. The resilience and adaptability of such groups and their continual formation of new alliances and identification of new markets, routes and modus operandi underscores the need for criminal justice responses to be as proactive, dynamic and cooperative in their efforts to combat them.