Combating illegal and unauthorized fishing: an assessment of contemporary practice
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The emergence of the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) in the 1970s placed potentially vast areas under national jurisdiction. From a regime of relatively modest territorial seas close to the coast as the only basis of fisheries jurisdiction for States, suddenly the international community embraced a new form of jurisdiction over resources that extended to fisheries up to zoo nautical miles from land. This extension brought over one third of the world's oceans under national jurisdiction, or more importantly, approximately ninety percent of the world's wild fish catch.