Are minimal representations still representations?



Publication Details

Gallagher, S. 2008, 'Are minimal representations still representations?', International Journal of Philosophical Studies, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 351-369.


I examine the following question: Do actions require representations that are intrinsic to the action itself? Recent work by Mark Rowlands, Michael Wheeler, and Andy Clark suggests that actions may require a minimal form of representation. I argue that the various concepts of minimal representation on offer do not apply to action per se and that a non-representationalist account that focuses on dynamic systems of self-organizing continuous reciprocal causation at the sub-personal level is superior. I further recommend a scientific pragmatism regarding the concept of representation.

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