Literary journals are important sites of cultural production. They perform a variety of roles which include providing forums for new developments in literature by publishing emergent voices. They help mediate and shape the direction in which a national literature develops by means of critical essays, reviews and debates. In most societies journals are often the barometers of the general literary life.
Oliphant, Andries Walter, Forums and Forces: Recent Trends in South African Literary Journals, Kunapipi, 13(1), 1991.