Carol Franklin


In 1938 under the long shadow of fascist Germany and the obvious signs of another great war impending Virginia Woolf published Three Guineas.1 In it she made the connection between the private life (women kept uneducated, financially powerless and in fear of the 'family') and war. In the voice of the woman responding to the man who has asked 'How can we prevent war?' she refers to women's fear, men's anger at their attempt at self-determination, and declares: 'fear and anger prevent real freedom in the private house; ... fear and anger may prevent real freedom in the public world: they may have a positive share in causing war' (p. 148).



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