Research performance of lecturers in higher education institutions has become an important topic but many variables are still largely unexplored in current literature. The main objective of this study is to examine the impact of four leadership behaviors of department heads and coworkers on the lecturers’ research performance and the moderating effects of achievement value. A survey was conducted with a sample of 408 Vietnamese lecturers at economics and business management focused universities. Our findings contribute to the literature of job performance in higher education from an organizational behavior perspective by explaining the mid-level impacts of departmental factors affecting research performance. We also discuss potential implications and make recommendations for future research.

Practitioner Notes

  1. Universities should invest in specific training for department heads in human resource development highlighting the crucial roles in promoting teaching quality and research productivity.
  2. Department heads should choose among the three leadership behaviors to be congruent with their faculty preferences.
  3. Being aware of the achievement value level of the lecturers and knowing preferable leadership behaviors, department heads can maximize their efforts of developing high performing researchers.