Publication Details

This article was originally published as: Danyali, H & Mertins, A, A fully SNR, spatial and temporal scalable 3DSPIHT-based video coding algorithm for video streaming over heterogeneous networks, Conference on Convergent Technologies for Asia-Pacific Region (TENCON 2003), 15-17 October 2003, 4, 1445-1449. Copyright IEEE 2003.


Video streaming over heterogeneous networks (e.g. the Internet) requires high degree of scalability from the video coding. To achieve all types of scalability required for a fully scalable video coding, a modification of the 3DSPIHT algorithm is presented in this paper. The proposed algorithm, called fully scalable 3DSPIHT (FS-3DSPIHT), adds spatial and temporal scalability features to the 3DSPIHT algorithm, through the introduction of resolution dependent lists and a resolution-dependent sorting pass. The important features of the original 3DSPIHT coder such as compression efficiency and full embeddedness are kept. The output bitstream of the FS-3DSPIHT encoder consists of a set of embedded parts related to the various qualities, spatial and temporal resolutions. It can be easily reordered and truncated by a simple parser in order to adapt various clients' requirements (e.g. quality, spatial resolution and temporal resolution) as well as bandwidth variation in a heterogeneous network.