Introduction: Recent rail and road freight tasks in Australia are indicated in Table 1. The income from rail freight services in 2002-03 was noted by the Australasian Railway Association (ARA - 2004) as $3 billion (hire and reward earnings plus the market value of ancillary freight operations). The hire and reward road freight industry income for 1999-2000 was about $18.2 billion (Australian Trucking Association, 2004).
Laird, P. G. (2006). Freight transport cost recovery in Australia. Australasian Transport Research Forum (pp. 1-13). Perth, WA: Planning and Transport Research Centre (PATREC).