A considerable body of literature examines assessment, from measurements, of whether it is the network or a customer installation which makes the greater contribution to harmonic distortion at a point of common coupling. However, the customer contribution to harmonic distortion at a point of common coupling depends heavily upon the definition chosen for that contribution. For example, expressing contributions as currents instead of voltages or vice versa may lead to large changes in results. Further, it can be shown that the harmonic voltage at the point of common coupling cannot be expressed independently of the network conditions, meaning that the customer contribution under existing definitions is a function not just of the customer parameters but of the network parameters as well. In the harmonic framework described by the technical report IEC/TR 61000-3-6, adopted as a standard in some jurisdictions, each customer installation is entitled to a harmonic allocation; that is, the right to inject a certain quantity of harmonic distortion into the network. IEC/TR 61000-3-6 suggests procedures for determining the allocated emission levels based on the harmonic voltage planning level at each bus. The problem of harmonic source detection can be recast as a search for customer installations exceeding allocated injection levels. With this approach, the challenge ceases to be comparison of the contributions made by the network and customer sides to observed harmonic distortion. Instead, it is shown that the problem becomes a process of reconciliation of the allocated quantity with field measurements.
T. J. Browne, V. J. Gosbell & S. Perera, "Allocated harmonic quantities as the basis for source detection," in Power & Energy Society General Meeting, 2009. PES '09. IEEE, 2009, pp. 1-6.