Publication Details

This paper originally appeared as: Tran, LC, Seberry, J, Wysocki, BJ, et al, Complex orthogonal sequences from amicable Hadamard matrices, IEEE 59th Vehicular Technology Conference, 17-19 May 2004, 3, 1490-1493. Copyright IEEE 2004.


The paper deals with the novel technique of designing complex spreading sequences with only four phases (0.257/spl pi/, 0.75/spl pi/, 1.25/spl pi/, 1.75/spl pi/). The interesting feature of those new sequences is the fact that not only the complex sequences are orthogonal but the real parts and imaginary parts are independently orthogonal. This can be utilized for spreading of complex constellation signals where the independent spreading using bipolar sequences (real part for in-phase component and imaginary part for quadrature component) can be applied. The paper introduces the theoretical background, and some example constructions of the amicable Hadamard matrices and the corresponding complex spreading sequences. The sequences are later modified using a diagonal method to achieve better correlation properties.