Regulation of the voltage-gated K+ channels KCNQ2/3 and KCNQ3/5 by serum- and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase-1
The voltage-gated KCNQ2/3 and KCNQ3/5 K+ channels regulate neuronal excitability. We recently showed that KCNQ2/3 and KCNQ3/5 channels are regulated by the ubiquitin ligase Nedd4-2. Serum- and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase-1 (SGK-1) plays an important role in regulation of epithelial ion transport. SGK-1 phosphorylation of Nedd4-2 decreases the ability of Nedd4-2 to ubiquitinate the epithelial Na+ channel, which increases the abundance of channel protein in the cell membrane. In this study, we investigated the mechanism(s) of SGK-1 regulation of M-type KCNQ channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes. SGK-1 significantly upregulated the K+ current amplitudes of KCNQ2/3 and KCNQ3/5 channels ∼1.4- and ∼1.7-fold, respectively, whereas the kinase-inactive SGK-1 mutant had no effect. The cell surface levels of KCNQ2-hemagglutinin/3 were also increased by SGK-1. Deletion of the KCNQ3 channel COOH terminus in the presence of SGK-1 did not affect the K+ current amplitude of KCNQ2/3/5-mediated currents. Coexpression of Nedd4-2 and SGK-1 with KCNQ2/3 or KCNQ3/5 channels did not significantly alter K+ current amplitudes. Only the Nedd4-2 mutant S448ANedd4-2 exhibited a significant downregulation of the KCNQ2/3/5 K+ current amplitudes. Taken together, these results demonstrate a potential mechanism for regulation of KCNQ2/3 and KCNQ3/5 channels by SGK-1 regulation of the activity of the ubiquitin ligase Nedd4-2.