Regulation of geminin by neuropeptide Y in vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation: A current review
Geminin, a key regulator of DNA replication licensing in the cell cycle, plays an essential role in determining the fate of cells via suppression of cell proliferation and cellular differentiation. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) intensifies the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) directly by binding with Y1 receptors. In vitro experiments have shown that stimulation of NPY on VSMCs via regulation of geminin is a double-edged sword. Given that the proliferation and the phenotypic transformation of VSMCs increase the risk for progression of atherosclerosis, we focus on the role of geminin interference in determining the fate of VSMCs. Furthermore, we discuss the therapeutic potential of peripheral neurotransmitter interference, thus pointing toward future research directions in the treatment of atherosclerosis.