Intake of 7,8-dihydroxyflavone from pregnancy to weaning prevents cognitive deficits in adult offspring after maternal immune activation
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its high-affinity receptor, tropomyosin receptor kinase B (TrkB) signaling plays a key role in the brain neurodevelopment. The exposure of pregnant mice to polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid [poly(I:C)] causes cognitive deficits in adult offspring. Supplementation with a TrkB agonist, 7,8-dihydroxyflavone, in poly(I:C)-treated pregnant mice from pregnancy to weaning could prevent the onset of cognitive deficits and reduced BDNF-TrkB signaling in the prefrontal cortex of their adult offspring. These findings suggest that supplementation with a TrkB agonist in pregnant women with an ultra-high risk of psychosis may reduce the development of psychosis in their offspring.