Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with a marked increase in the long-term risk of type 2 diabetes and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Engaging in vigorous recreational physical activity prior to and during pregnancy significantly reduces the risk of developing GDM. In contrast, evidence of a therapeutic effect from participation in a structured exercise training regimen, although promising, is limited and requires further more substantial investigation. This paper briefly reviews the pathophysiology of GDM, the evidence related to physical activity participation and exercise regimen intervention on GDM, and the clinical considerations required for prescribing exercise. Key Words: gestational diabetes mellitus • exercise • physical activity • pregnancy • type 2 diabetes
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Groeller, H., Lowe, S., Worsley, A. & Jenkins, A. (2010). Does exercise have a role in the management of gestational diabetes mellitus?. Obstetric Medicine, 3 (4), 133-138.